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obligee

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obligee [`abl∂dз´i:] 권리자, 채권자

obligee 채권자,은혜를입은사람

가압류(假押留) provisional seizure/attachment;sequestration
가압류결정(假押留決定) decision/ruling of provisional seizure/attachment
가압류명령(假押留命令) order of provisional seizure/attachment
가압류법원(假押留法院) court having jurisdiction over provisional seizure/attachment
가압류신청(假押留申請) application/request for provisional seizure/attachment
가압류절차(假押留節次) procedure for provisional seizure/attachment
가압류집행(假押留執行) execution of provisional seizure/attachment
가압류채권자(假押留債權者) claimant to any provisionally seized/attached property or right;creditor who has
made a provisional seizure/attachment;provisional seizure/attachment obligee
가압류취소(假押留取消) revocation of provisional seizure/attachment
가압류해방금(假押留解放金) money for release from provisional seizure/attachment
가압류해방금액(假押留解放金額) amount of money for release from provisional seizure/attachment

가처분(假處分) provisional/temporary disposition/measure
가처분결정(假處分決定) decision of provisional/temporary disposition/measure
가처분등기(假處分登記) registration for provisional/temporary disposition/measure
가처분명령(假處分命令) order of provisional/temporary disposition/measure
가처분절차(假處分節次) procedure for provisional/temporary disposition/measure
가처분채권자(假處分債權者)person who claims provisional/temporary disposition/measure;obligee to
provisional/temporary disposition/measure

변제(辨濟)(하다) discharge (discharge);payment (pay);performance (perform)
§ 변제기에 있지 아니한 채무를 변제한 때에는 그 반환을 청구하지 못한다. 그러나 채무자가 착오로 인하여
변제한 때에는 채권자는 이로 인하여 얻은 이익을 반환하여야 한다
If an obligor has discharged an obligation which is not due, he/she may not demand the return of the
subject matter: Provided, That if the obligor discharges such obligation by mistake, the obligee
shall return the benefit which he/she received therefrom.
§ 매입세액을 차감(관할세무서장이 경정한 경우를 포함한다)한 당해 사업자가 대손금액의 전부 또는 일부를
변제한 경우에는 대통령령이 정하는 바에 따라 변제한 대손금액에 관련된 대손세액을 변제한 날이 속하는
과세기간의 매입세액에 가산한다
Where the relevant entrepreneur who has deducted an input tax amount (including the corrective action
taken by the head of the competent tax office) pays the whole or part of the bad debts, the bad-debt
tax amount relating to the paid bad debts shall be added to an input tax amount for the taxation period
whereto the date of payment belongs, under the conditions as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
§ 관리단이 그의 재산으로 채무를 완제할 수 없는 때에는 구분소유자는 지분비율에 따라 관리단의 채무를
변제할 책임을 진다. 다만, 규약으로써 그 부담비율을 달리 정할 수 있다
If the management body fails to perform its duties fully and completely with its own property, sectional
owners shall be liable for the duty of the management body according to the ratio of shares: Provided,
That the allotment may be determined otherwise by the regulations.
변제권(辨濟權) right of discharge/payment
변제금수령(辨濟金受領) acceptance of payment/performance
변제기(辨濟期) time for performance;maturity date;period of payment
변제기도래(辨濟期到來) arrival of maturity date
변제기한(辨濟期限) time for performance;period of payment
변제능력(辨濟能力) capacity for performance
변제방법(辨濟方法) method of performance;method of satisfaction;means of paying a debt
변제비용(辨濟費用) expenses of performance
변제액(辨濟額) amount of performance
변제이익(辨濟利益) profit of performance;advantage of the performance
변제제공(辨濟提供) tender of performance;tender of payment
변제증서(辨濟證書) deed of performance;certificate of performance
변제자(辨濟者) person who has performed obligation;person liable for performance
변제자대위(辨濟者代位) subrogation by a person who has performed obligation
변제자력(辨濟資力) capacity to effect performance
변제책임(辨濟責任) liability for performance
변제청구(辨濟請求) request for performance
변제충당(辨濟充當) appropriation for the payment of a debt;appropriation for performance

상속순위(相續順位) order of inheritance/succession
상속신고(相續申告) report on inheritance/succession
상속인(相續人) heir;inheritor;successor
상속인수색(相續人搜索) search for/of an heir/inheritor
상속재산(相續財産) inherited property/estate;property/estate of inheritance
상속재산관리인(相續財産管理人) administrator of inherited property
상속재산분리(相續財産分離) separation of inherited property
상속재산파산(相續財産破産) bankruptcy of inherited property
상속지분(相續持分) share of inheritance
상속채권(相續債權) inheritance obligation/claim
상속채권자(相續債權者) inheritance obligee
상속포기(相續抛棄) renunciation of inheritance/succession
상속회복(相續回復) recovery of inheritance/succession
상속회복청구(相續回復請求) request for the recovery of inheritance/succession
상속회복청구소송(相續回復請求訴訟) litigation/lawsuitto request the recovery of inheritance/succession

채무자는 자기의 채무를 면함으로써 이익을 얻은 때에는 이를 채권자에게 상환하여야 한다
If the obligor has received any benefit by being relieved of his/her own obligation, he/she shall return
such benefit to the obligee.

§ 등록된 사항에 관하여 그 권리자가 변경·경정·말소등록 또는 말소한 등록의 회복등록을 신청할 때에는
문화체육관광부령이 정하는 바에 따라 변경등록신청서에 이를 증명할 수 있는 서류를 첨부하여
문화체육관광부장관에게 제출하여야 한다
If the obligee applies for the registration of correction, modification, erasure or recovery of erased
registration with respect to the matters of registration, he/she shall submit to the Minister of Culture,
Sports and Tourism an application for modification of registration along with documents which substantiate
such modification as prescribed by ordinance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

채권가압류(債權假押留) provisional attachment against claim/credit
채권계약(債權契約) contract that generates a claim/credit
채권관계(債權關係)/채권채무관계(債權債務關係) claim-obligation relationship
채권금액(債權金額)/채권액(債權額) amount of claim/credit;claim/credit amount
채권담보(債權擔保) security for claim/credit;claim/credit security
채권보전(債權保全) preservation of claim/credit
채권압류(債權押留) seizure of claim/credit
채권양도(債權讓渡) transfer of claim/credit
채권자(債權者) creditor;obligee
채권자대위권(債權者代位權) subrogation right of a creditor/obligee
채권자보호(債權者保護) protection of creditors/obligees
채권자지체(債權者遲滯) mora creditoris
채권자집회(債權者集會) meeting of creditors/obligees;creditor/obligee meeting
채권자취소(債權者取消) revocation by a creditor/obligee
채권자취소권(債權者取消權) creditor’s/obligee’s right of revocation
채권증서(債權證書) document evidencing the claim/credit
채권증서반환(債權證書返還) return of a document evidencing the claim/credit
채권증서반환청구권(債權證書返還請求權) claim to return of a document evidencing the claim/credit
채권채무(債權債務) claim and obligation
채권추심(債權推尋) collection/recovery of claims/credits;claim/credit collection/recovery
채권추심료(債權推尋料) claim/credit collection charge
채권추심업(債權推尋業) business of collecting claims
채권추심업무(債權推尋業務) claim collection service
채권확정(債權確定) claim confirmation

채무(債務) obligation;debt
§ 채무자가 채무의 내용에 좇은 이행을 하지 아니한 때에는 채권자는 손해배상을 청구할 수 있다. 그러나
채무자의 고의나 과실없이 이행할 수 없게 된때에는 그러하지 아니하다
If an obligor fails to effect performance in accordance with the tenor and purport of the obligation, the
obligee may claim damages: Provided, That this shall not apply to cases where performance has become
impossible and where this is not due to the obligor’s intention or negligence.
채무면제(債務免除) exemption from obligation
채무명의(債務名義) title of obligation/debt
채무보증(債務保證) guarantee for obligation/debt;obligation/debt guarantee
채무부담행위(債務負擔行爲) act of bearing the obligation/debt
채무불이행(債務不履行) default/nonfulfillment/nonperformance of obligation;nonpayment of debt;failure to
repay the debt
채무불이행자(債務不履行者) defaulter
채무불이행자명부(債務不履行者名簿) list of defaulters
채무상환(債務償還) repayment of debt;debt repayment
채무상환능력(債務償還能力) ability to repay the debt
채무이행(債務履行) fulfillment/discharge of obligation
채무이행지(債務履行地) place where the obligation is to be fulfilled/discharged;place of fulfillment/
discharge of obligation
채무인수(債務引受) takeover of obligation/debt
채무자(債務者) obligor;debtor
채무증서(債務證書) obligation/debt certificate;certificate of obligation/debt;debenture

포기(抛棄)(하다) relinquishment (relinquish);renunciation (renounce);waiver (waive); give-up (give up);
withdrawal (withdraw)
§ 채무자 아닌 자가 착오로 인하여 타인의 채무를 변제 한 경우에 채권자가 선의로 증서를 훼멸하거나 담보를
포기하거나 시효로 인하여 그 채권을 잃은 때에는 변제자는 그 반환을 청구하지 못한다
If, in the event that a person other than the obligor has discharged an obligation by mistake, the obligee
has in good faith destroyed evidentiary documents, relinquished any security, or lost his/her claim rights
by prescription, the person who has effected the performance may not demand the return of his/her payments.
§ 대한민국의 국적을 취득한 외국인으로서 외국 국적을 가지고 있는 자는 대한민국의 국적을 취득한 날부터
6월내에 그 외국국적을 포기하여야 한다
A foreigner who has acquired the nationality of the Republic of Korea but maintains a nationality of a
foreign country shall renounce the nationality of the foreign country within six months after the
acquisition of the nationality of the Republic of Korea.

항변(抗辯)(하다) plea (plead);defense (defend);protest (protest);objection (object)
§ 중재합의의 대상인 분쟁에 관하여 소가 제기된 경우에 피고가 중재합의존재의 항변을 하는 때에는 법원은
그 소를 각하하여야 한다. 다만, 중재합의가 부존재·무효이거나 효력을 상실하였거나 그 이행이 불가능한
경우에는 그러하지 아니하다
A court before which an action is brought in a matter which is the subject of an arbitration agreement
shall, when the respondent raises a plea for the existence of an arbitration agreement, reject the
action: Provided, That this shall not apply in case where it finds that the agreement is null and void,
inoperative or incapable of being performed.
§ 손해배상에 관하여는 채권자는 손해의 증명을 요하지 아니하고 채무자는 과실없음을 항변하지 못한다
With regard to the compensation for damage, the obligee may not prove that damage nor may the obligor set up
the absence of negligence as a defense.
§ 금전의 지급 기타의 이행의 청구를 내용으로 하는 것을 가진 자는 정리절차 종결후 회사와 정리를 위하여
채무를 부담한 자에 대하여 정리채권자표 또는 정리담보권자표에 의하여 강제집행을 할 수 있다. 이 경우에도
보증인은 민법의 규정에 의하여 항변할 수 있다
A person holding a right with a claim for the payment of money or any other discharge may enforce
compulsory execution against those bearing an obligation for reorganization and the company, in accordance
with the tables of reorganization creditors or security holders, after reorganization proceedings are
completed. In this case, the guarantor may lodge a protest under the Civil Act.

채권자취소권에 관한 연구 : 요건론을 중심으로
A study on the Obligee`s Right of Rescind

obligation fees: 부담비
obligation of notification: 통지의무
obligation of payment report: 지급보고의무
obligation principle: 권리의무 확정주의(채권채무의 성립에 의한 수익 및 비용의 인식기준)
obligation secured by chattel mortgage on machinery and equipment: 기계설비에 동산저당
obligation secured by mortgage on plant: 공장저당채무
obligation secured by mortgage on real estate: 부동산 저당채무
obligation to file payment record: 지급보고서 제출의무
obligation to file returns: 신고의무
obligation to keep books and records: 기장의무
obligation to supply information: 자료제출의무
obligation: 의무
obligations incurred: 발생채무 부담
obligee: 채권자
obligor: 채무자

subrogation payment: 대위납부
subrogation receipt: 대위영수증
subrogation right of obligee: 채권자 대위권
subrogation: 물상대위(物上代位)
subrogee: 대위권자

채권보유자 obligee, creditor


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