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* 미국의 행정부
입법,사법,행정의 3권분립. 대통령밑에 14개의 행정부
Department of State ---------------------------- 국무부
Department of Treasury ------------------------- 재무부
Department of Defense -------------------------- 국방부
Department of Justice -------------------------- 법무부
Department of the Interior --------------------- 내무부
Department of Agriculture ---------------------- 농무부
Department of Commerce ------------------------- 상무부
Department of Labor ---------------------------- 노동부
Department of Health & Human service ----------- 보건후생부
Department of Housing & Urban development ------ 주택도시개발부
Department of Transportation ------------------- 운수부
Department of Energe --------------------------- 에너지부
Department of Education ------------------------ 교육부
Department of Veteran's Affairs ---------------- 재향군인부
법무부장관(Attorney General)만 빼고 모든 장관은 Secretary.
장관은 대통령이 임명하고 상원에서 인준을 받아 14명의 장관이 내각을
이룬다.

Outgoing Commerce Secretary, Don Evans
퇴임하는 돈 에반스 상무부 장관은
is leading a delegation in China this week.
이번 주 대표단을 이끌고 중국을 방문할 예정입니다.
* outgoing 퇴임하는 cf. incoming 신임의
* Commerce Secretary 상무부 장관 cf. Commerce ((미)) 상무부(the Department of Commerce)
* lead a delegation 대표단을 이끌다 cf. delegation 파견 대표단, 대의원단

[위키] 미국 상무부 United States Department of Commerce

[百] 미국상무부 (美國商務部) United States Department of Commerce

The Dow has ticked down 108 points
내구재 주문이 예상밖으로 떨어졌다는
on a surprisingly weak durable-goods orders report
상무부의 보고로 인한 우려감에
from the Commerce Department that has raised worries...
다우지수는 108포인트가 빠졌으며
Listen, I'm not gonna take it from him in public or private.
있잖아, 나 저 사람한테 어떤 식으로든 말 듣기 싫어
- I'm doing you guys a favor. - I'm sorry.
- 이건 내 호의라구 - 미안해
I understand. And he knows that.
이해해, 저 사람도 알고 있어

In addition to contributions from Applied Materials, the exhibit
received a $100,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Commerce. Other
sponsors include SGI, Phillips and Dolby Laboratories Inc.
이번 전람회에는 어플라이드 머티리얼의 기부외에도 미 상공부가 10만 달러를
지원했다. 다른 스폰서들로는 SGI와 필립스, 그리고 돌비사 등이다.

This 1997 edition of the "Import Administration Antidumping Manual" incorporates changes to
Title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930 (the Act) as a result of the passage of the Uruguay Round
Agreements Act (URAA) on December 8, 1994. The manual also includes procedural and
technical information from the Administration's Statement of Administrative Action (SAA), as
well as 19 CFR 351, the Department of Commerce (DOC) antidumping regulations. Any terms
defined in the glossary (chapter 21), are bolded on their first use in each chapter.
금번 1997년판 「수입행정실 반덤핑지침서」는 1994년 12월 8일 우루
과이라운드협정 이행법(URAA)이 통과됨에 따라 변경된 1930년 관세법
제7편의 내용을 반영한 것이다.
본 지침서는 상무부(DOC) 반덤핑규정인 19CFR 351과 행정부의
행정조치지침(SAA)의 절차적이나 기술적인 사항도 포함하고 있다.

AD 반덤핑 (Antidumping)
APO 행정보호 명령 (Administrative Protective Order)
CCIA 수입행정실 법률고문 (Chief Counsel for Import Administration)
CEP 구성수출가격 (Constructed Export Price)
COP 생산원가 (Cost of Production)
CS 상업활동지원실(The Commercial Service )
CV 구성가치 (Constructed Value)
CRU 중앙기록관리소 (Central Records Unit)
DAS 부차관보 (Deputy Assistant Secretary)
DOC 상무부 (Department of Commerce)
EP 수출가격 (Export Price)
FR 연방관보 (Federal Register)
GATT 관세 및 무역에 관한 일반협정 (General Agreement on
Tariffs and Trade)

References:
The Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act)
Section 339 - technical assistance to eligible small businesses
Section 732 - initiation
Section 733(e) - critical circumstances
Section 734(a) - withdrawal of petition
Section 771(9) - interested parties
Section 771 (10) - like product
Section 773(b) - sales at less than cost
Section 773(d) - multinational corporations
Department of Commerce (DOC) Regulations
19 CFR 351.102 - domestic interested parties
19 CFR 351.201 - self-initiated investigations
19 CFR 351.202 - petition requirements
19 CFR 351.203 - sufficiency of petition
19 CFR 351.206 - critical circumstances
19 CFR 351.207 - withdrawal of petition
Statement of Administrative Action (SAA)
Section C.3 - initiation and subsequent investigation
Antidumping Agreement
Article 2.2.1 - sales at less than cost
Article 4 - definition of domestic industry
Article 5 - initiation
Article 12 - public notice of initiation
참조 :
1930년 관세법 (The Tariff Act of 1930)
제339조 : 적격중소기업에 대한 기술적 지원
제732조 : 조사개시
제733조(e) : 긴급상황
제734조(a) : 신청의 철회
제771조(9) : 이해관계인
제771조(10) : 동종물품
제773조(b) : 원가이하판매
제773조(d) : 다국적기업
상무부 규칙 (Department of Commerce Regulations)
19CFR351.102 : 국내이해관계인
19CFR351.201 : 직권조사개시
19CFR351.202 : 신청서의 필요요건
19CFR351.203 : 신청서의 충분요건
19CFR351.206 : 긴급상황
19CFR351.207 : 신청의 철회
행정조치지침 (Statement of Administrative Action)
C.3조 : 조사개시 및 조사
반덤핑협정 (Antidumping Agreement)
2.2.1.조 : 원가이하판매
4조 : 국내산업의 정의
5조 : 조사개시
12조 : 조사개시의 공고

All contacts on the filing of draft petitions or requests for technical assistance in
preparing an antidumping petition by small businesses, as defined in section 339 of the
Act, should be referred to the Director for Policy and Analysis, Import Administration
(IA), International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Pennsylvania
Avenue and 14th Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20230. The Director for Policy and
Analysis will assign draft petitions and requests for assistance to one of the Deputy
Assistant Secretaries in IA.
법 제339조에서 규정된 바와 같이 중소기업의 반덤핑조사 신청 준비시
기술적인 지원이나 신청서 초안제출 등과 관련된 업무는 미국상무부
국제무역행정처의 수입행정실(Import Administration:IA)내 정책·분석국
장이 담당한다(주소:Pennsylvania Avenue and 14th Street, NW,
Washington, D.C. 20230). 정책분석국장은 신청서초안 및 지원요청사항을
수입행정실내 부차관보 별로 배정한다.

ANTIDUMPING INVESTIGATIONS INITIATION CHECKLIST
-
SUBJECT: (insert case name)
-
CASE NUMBER: (insert case number)
-
PETITIONER(S):
(insert name(s) - provide the locations of each plant and headquarters)
-
COUNSEL:
(insert name of law firm)
-
RESPONDENT(S):
(insert name(s))
-
SCOPE:
(insert the scope of the investigation)
-
IMPORT STATISTICS:
(insert the volume and value of imports for the most recently completed calendar year,
year-to-date, and the corresponding prior period)
-
CASE CALENDAR:
Petition Filed:
Initiation Deadline:
ITC Preliminary Determination:
ITA Preliminary Determination:
ITA Final Determination:
ITC Final Determination:
Order:
-
INDUSTRY SUPPORT: Does the petitioner(s) account for more than 50% of production
of the domestic like product?
Yes (insert %) (petition page reference)
No (insert %)
-
If No, do those expressing support account for the majority of those expressing an
opinion and at least 25% of domestic production?
Yes
No - do not initiate
-
Describe how industry support was established - specifically, describe the nature of any
polling or other step undertaken to determine the level of domestic industry support.
-
Was there opposition to the petition?
Yes
(identify each party expressing opposition)
No
-
Are any of the parties who have expressed opposition to the petition either importers or
domestic producers affiliated with foreign producers?
Yes
No
(explain how the views of these parties were treated in your determination of industry
support)
-
INJURY ALLEGATION:
-
We have received a copy of the action request from the Director of the Office of
Investigations, International Trade Commission. It indicates that the ITC finds that the
petition contains adequate and accurate information with respect to material injury. (The
relevant injury data can be found on page (insert #) of the petition.)
-
Does the petition contain evidence of causation? (answer Yes or No) (See page (insert #)
of the petition.) Specifically, does the petition contain information relative to:
-
___ volume and value of imports (see page (insert #) of the petition)
-
___ U.S. market share (i.e., the ratio of imports to consumption) (see page (insert #)
of the petition)
-
___ actual pricing (i.e., evidence of decreased pricing) (see page (insert #) of the
petition)
-
___ relative pricing (i.e., evidence of imports underselling U.S. products) (see page
(insert #) of the petition)
-
PETITION REQUIREMENTS:
-
Does the petition contain the following:
the name and address of the petitioner
the names and addresses of all known domestic producers of the domestic like
product
the volume and value of the domestic like product produced by the petitioner
and each domestic producer identified for the most recently completed 12-month period for which data is available
-
Was the entire domestic industry identified in the petition?
Yes
No (% of producers identified)
-
Does the petition also contain the following:
a clear and detailed description of the merchandise to be investigated, including
the appropriate Harmonized Tariff Schedule numbers.
the name of each country in which the merchandise originates or from which
the merchandise is exported.
Was the petition filed simultaneously with the Department of Commerce and
the ITC?
Yes
No
an adequate summary of the proprietary data was provided.
a statement regarding release under administrative protective order.
a certification of the facts contained in the petition by an official of the
petitioning firm(s) and its legal representative (if applicable).
import volume and value information for the most recent two-year period.
-
LESS THAN FAIR VALUE ALLEGATION:
-
Export Price/Constructed Export Price
-
Provide an explanation on how the export price and/or constructed export price was
derived (include in your description the source of the pricing information and any
adjustments necessary to calculate an ex-factory price; reference the pages in the petition
that contain this information; if the information is based on a market research report or
affidavit, explain why you believe that these sources are appropriate).
-
Does the petition contain the following:
support documentation for the alleged prices or costs and claimed adjustments.
any market research reports including an affidavits referring to sources and
how information was obtained
current and dated price data (no more than one-year old).
price and cost data from contemporaneous time periods.
correct currency rates used for all conversions to U.S. dollars (i.e., Federal
Reserve Bank of New York).
conversion factors for comparisons of differing units of measure.
-
Normal value
-
Provide an explanation on how the export price was derived (include in your description
the source of the pricing information and any adjustments necessary to calculate an ex-factory price; reference the pages in the pe
tition that contain this information; if the
information is based on a market research report or affidavit, explain why you believe that
these sources are appropriate).
-
Does the petition contain the following:
support documentation for the alleged prices or costs and claimed adjustments.
any market research reports including an affidavits referring to sources and
how information was obtained.
current and dated price data (no more than one year old).
price and cost data from contemporaneous time periods.
correct currency rates used for all conversions to U.S. dollars (i.e., Federal
Reserve Bank of New York).
conversion factors for comparisons of differing units of measure.
-
ESTIMATED MARGINS:
(insert the range of estimated dumping margins)
-
OTHER ISSUES:
(e.g., COP allegation, regional industry, critical circumstances)
-
RECOMMENDATION:
-
Based on sources readily available to the Department, we have examined the accuracy
and adequacy of the evidence provided in the petition, and recommend determining that
the evidence is sufficient to justify the initiation of an antidumping investigation. We
also recommend determining that the petition has been filed by or on behalf of the
domestic industry.
-
반덤핑조사개시 체크리스트
-
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
제목 : (사건명 기입)
사건 번호 : (사건번호 기입)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
제소자 :
(이름 기입 - 본사 및 공장의 위치 기입)
-
고문변호사 :
(법률회사 이름 기입)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
(피제소자)
(이름 기입)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
범위 :
(조사범위 기입)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
수입통계 : (최근 1년의 수입량과 수입액 기입)
-------------------------------------------------------------
조사일정 :
신청일자
조사개시 최종일자
국제무역위원회의 예비판정
국제무역행정처의 예비판정
국제무역행정처의 최종판정
국제무역위원회의 최종판정
관세부과명령
-------------------------------------------------------------------
-
업계의 찬성 : 제소자는 국내동종물품 생산의 50% 이상을 점유하는가?
예 ( % 기입) (신청페이지 참고)
아니오 ( % 기입)
-
만약 아니라면 찬성을 표하는 기업이 의견제시 기업중 다수이고 국내
생산의 최소한 25%를 점유하는가?
예 ( % 기입) (신청페이지 참고)
아니오 - 조사개시 불가
-
어떻게 업계의 찬성이 이루어졌는지를 기술한다. - 특히 국내산업의
지지수준을 판단하기 위하여 수행된 여론조사나 기타 조치내용을 기술
한다.
-
신청에 반대가 있었는가?
예 ( % 기입) (신청페이지 참고)
(반대를 표시한 각각의 관계인 명시)
아니오
-
신청에 반대한 자중 해외생산자와 연계된 수입업자나 국내생산자가 있는가?

아니오
(이들 당사자의 의견이 업계의 찬성여부를 판단할 때에 어떻게 반영되었
는지 설명한다)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
피해주장 :
국제무역위원회 조사국장으로부터 조치요청서 사본을 받는데, 이는 국제
무역위원회가 신청서에서 실질적인 피해와 관련하여 적절하고 정확한 자
료가 포함되어 있다는 것을 발견하였다는 것을 표시하는 것이다.
(관련되는 피해자료는 신청서의 해당페이지(페이지 수 기입)에서 볼 수
있다)
신청서에 인과관계의 근거가 포함되어 있는가?(예 또는 아니오 대답)
(신청서의 해당페이지 참조), 특히 다음과 관련한 자료를 포함하고 있는가?
수입량 및 수입금액
미국내 시장 점유율 (즉 소비에 대한 수입의 비율)
실제가격 (즉 가격인하의 증거)
상대가격 (미국상품의 판매를 위축시킨 수입의 증거)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
신청서의 구비사항
-
신청서에는 다음사항을 포함하고 있는가 :

CHAPTER 3 ACCESS TO INFORMATION
제 3 장 정보에의 접근
References:
The Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act)
Section 777 - access to information
The Customs and Trade Act of 1990
Section 135(b) - prohibition on release of customer names
Department of Commerce (DOC) Regulations
19 CFR 351.105 - categories of information
19 CFR 351.303 - filing requirements
19 CFR 351.304(b) - identification of business proprietary information
19 CFR 351.304(c) - public versions of business proprietary information
19 CFR 351.304(d) - nonconforming submissions
SAA
Section A.4 - procedural rules for proceedings
Section C.4.a.(4) - public and proprietary records
Antidumping Agreement
Article 6.1.2 - availability of information
Article 6.1.3 - protection of confidential information
Articles 6.2 - 6.5.2 - confidentiality and public summaries of information
참조 :
1930년 관세법(수정판)
제777조 : 정보에의 접근
1990년 관세무역법
제135조(b) : 거래처 명단의 공표 금지
상무부규칙
19 CFR 351.105 : 정보의 종류
19 CFR 351.303 : 요건 분류철
19 CFR 351.304(b) : 영업비밀정보의 확인
19 CFR 351.304(c) : 영업비밀정보의 공개화
19 CFR 351.304(d) : 승복치 않는 제소건들
행정조치지침
A.4항 : 진행절차규칙
C.4.a.(4)항 : 공공 및 독점 기록
반덤핑 협정
6.1.2조 : 정보의 활용가능성
6.1.3조 : 비밀정보의 보호
6.2-6.5.2 : 정보의 기밀성 및 공개를 위한 요약본

AGREEMENT REGARDING LIMITED DISCLOSURE OF BUSINESS
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION IN THE ANTIDUMPING/COUNTERVAILING
DUTYPROCEEDING:
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
(Case Name/Case Number/Segment of Proceeding)
-
I hereby swear (or inform) that I will:
-
A. not divulge any business proprietary information obtained in this proceeding, or
information created by the Commerce Department which contains business
proprietary information, to any person other than:
-
1. personnel of agencies of the United States Government directly responsible for
conducting this proceeding or who are involved in this proceeding;
-
2. the person from whom the information was obtained;
-
B. use such information solely for the purpose of this proceeding by the persons
described in paragraphs 1 and 2 above;
-
C. not consult with any person other than a person described in paragraph A 1 or 2 of
this agreement concerning such business proprietary information without obtaining
the approval of the Commerce Department and the party (or the attorney for the
party) from whom such business proprietary information was obtained;
-
D. take adequate precautions to ensure the security of the business proprietary materials
and the information contained therein subject to this agreement;
-
E. promptly report any breach of such agreement to the Commerce Department;
-
F. Upon completion of this proceeding, or at such earlier date as may be determined
appropriated for particular data, the security of business proprietary information will
be protected by the return of all copies of materials released to me pursuant to this
agreement and the destruction of all other materials containing the businesss
proprietary information (such as notes or charts based on such information received
under this agreement). The return of the proprietary documents will be accompanied
by a certificate from me attesting to my personal, good faith efforts to determine that
no other copies of such materials have been made available to or retained by any
other party to whom disclosure was not specifically authorized by the Commerce
Department.
-
I acknowledge that the breach of the condition delineated in this agreement may subject
me to administrative sanctions determined to be appropriate by the Commerce
Department.
-
_________________________
(Signature
-
_________________________
(Name - Print/Type
-
_________________________
(Agency/Business Address
_________________________
-
_________________________
-
_________________________
-
_________________________
(Telephone Number)
________________________
(Date)
-
반덤핑/상계관세 조사과정에서 영업비밀정보의 제한된 공개에 관한 협정
-------------------------------------------------------------------
-
(사건 이름 / 사건번호 / 조사단계)
-
나는 여기에 다음과 같이 서약함
-
A. 다음을 제외하고 누구에게도 조사과정에서 알게된 영업비밀정보나 상무성
이 생산한 영업비밀정보를 담고있는 정보를 누설하지 않을 것임
-
1. 조사를 직접 담당하는 미국정부기관의 직원 또는 조사과정에 관련된
미국정부기관의 직원
2. 해당정보의 취득원이 되는 사람
-
B. 위 1구절과 2구절에서 언급된 사람들은 단지 조사진행만의 목적으로 이러
한 정보를 사용하게 함
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C. 상무부나 영업비밀정보를 제공하는 당사자의 동의를 얻지 않고는 영업비밀
정보에 대하여 A의 1.2에 나와있는 사람 이외에는 어느 누구와도 협의
하지 않음
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D. 이 협정에 따라 얻은 영업비밀자료 및 정보의 안전을 확실하게 하기 위해
서 적절한 주의를 기울임
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E. 상무부에 이러한 협정의 어떠한 위반사항도 즉시 보고
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F. 조사절차가 완료된 때나 또는 특정자료에 맞게 결정된 좀 더 이른 시점에
서 영업비밀정보의 안전성은 나에게 공개된 자료의 모든 사본을 돌려주고,
영업비밀정보가 들어있는 다른 모든 자료(예를 들어 이 협정에 따라 받은
영업비밀정보를 근거로 만든 메모나 차트 등)를 파기함으로써 보장됨. 영
업비밀문서의 반환시에 이러한 자료의 어떠한 사본도 만들어지지 않았으
며, 상무성이 특별히 허가하지 않은 누구도 이 자료를 가지고 있지 않도록
나 스스로 성실한 노력을 다했음을 증언하는 증명서를 같이 제출함
나는 이 협정에서 서술된 조건을 위반할 경우 상무부가 적절하다고 결정한
행정적 제재에 복종할 것임을 인정함
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(서 명)
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(이름-기재 / 타이프)
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(기관명 / 회사주소)
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(전화번호)
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(날 짜)

OT(Office of Telecommunications of the Department of Commerce)

Department of Commerce: 상무부(미국)


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